Everyone in the commercial transportation industry is well aware that the ELD (Electronic Logging Device) mandate is fast approaching. The final rule on the ELD mandate was published by the FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration), on December 16, 2015. This directive is part of larger transportation legislation called Map-21, (Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century), passed by Congress in 2012. This order will oblige motor carriers that are currently required to keep HOS (Hours of Service) Logs (Records of Duty Status), to transition from using paper logs to recording HOS through an ELD. The purpose behind the mandate is to improve driver efficiency and safety.
Despite heavy protests against the mandate, particularly from owner/operators, it appears that the ELD mandate will not be delayed on the national level. ARPCO Transport Services would like to provide more information on ELD’s with the goal of making this transition smoother for our valued carriers.
What is an ELD?
An ELD or Electronic Logging Device connects to the engine of a driver’s truck and captures data that indicates whether the truck is in motion or not, the engine hours, and how many miles have been driven. Drivers can use these devices to further log their On-Duty, Off-Duty, and Driving statuses. These devices also make it easier for dispatchers to track trucks that are on a load.
What ELD should carriers choose?
The type of ELD a carrier should use depends on a number of factors including the size of the company, type of equipment, as well as driver input. However, chosen ELD’s must be self-certified devices found on this list provided by the FMCSA: Approved ELD List. What does self-certified mean? The FMCSA made the decision to create guidelines for approved ELD’s, but allowed companies developing this technology to self-certify their equipment based on those guidelines. In selecting an ELD, it is paramount that extensive inquiries are made into the technology and the company providing the ELD service. There is a possibility that some of the devices found on the list could be deemed non-compliant at a later date. The FMCSA has addressed this issue stating that they will work with carriers to create a fair timeline for ELD replacement if a carrier’s ELD is found to be non-compliant. If you haven’t already selected an ELD, you are already behind!
- The FMCSA has issued a December 18, 2017 deadline for all carriers and owner/operators required to keep RODS logs to implement ELD technology in their fleets.
- Carriers and drivers who are found to be non-compliant after this date will receive citations until April 1, 2018. After this grace period is over carriers and owner/operators can be put out of service until ELD compliance is met.
- Carriers and owner/operators that are currently using AOBRDs (Automatic On-Board Recording Devices), will have an additional two years to become 100% compliant with the ELD mandate. The deadline for carriers using AOBRD’s is December 18, 2019.
Exemptions to the Final Rule:
There are several exemptions to the final rule made by the FMCSA.
- ELD’s will not be required on CMV engines older than model year (MY) 2000. (Note: The engine model must be older than 2000. The ELD mandate would still require older CMV cabs with engines newer than 1999 models to conform to the mandate).
- Drive-away and tow-away operations in which the vehicle driven is the commodity will not be required to comply with the ELD mandate.
- Drivers always hauling short-haul loads (loads under 100-150 miles) will not be required to us ELDs.
- Short-Haul drivers who occasionally do a long-haul may keep a paper log of HOS as long as these logs cover no more than 8 days of a 30-day period.
State by State Enforcement:
While most states intend to keep to the ELD mandate timeline laid out by the FMCSA, several states have created their own relaxed timelines for ELD compliance.
Texas: Texas has pushed back the ELD compliance deadline for intrastate carriers from December 18, 2017 to December 19, 2019.
Florida: Florida has pushed back the ELD compliance deadline for intrastate carriers from December 18, 2017 to December 31, 2018.
There are several other states that are still deciding on an implementation deadline. Below is a link that shows you which states have adopted relaxed timelines, which states may adopt relaxed timelines, and which states intend to comply with the FMCSA deadline:
ARPCO’s Broker Carrier Agreement stipulates that all motor carriers must adhere to all Federal, State, and local laws. All motor carriers that are not in compliance with the ELD mandate by the deadline of December 18, 2017 will be placed on a Temporary Do Not Use status in our system unless otherwise exempt or is a carrier that operates solely in a state with a relaxed timeline. ARPCO actively provides ELD deadline and compliance information to those Motor Carriers that setup with us, and we are pushing to see 100% compliance with the Motor Carriers that we use. Please explore the links provided below for more valuable information. In the meantime, keep on trucking!
References and Additional Links: